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Where they grew up determine levels of testosterone in men

According to a new research the man’s testosterone levels can largely be determined by their childhood environment. Men who grew up in challenging conditions or in a place where there are several infections and diseases will have lower levels of testosterone when compared to the ones who have grown in healthy environments. The study which was published in the nature ecology and evolution challenges the theory saying that the levels of testosterone will be controlled by race and genetics. The high levels of testosterone lead to increased risk of cancer or prostate enlargement. So, the research suggests that when an individual is going for screening for any such risk profiles it’s always better to consider the person’s childhood environment as well. 

Based on a study which was conducted on Bangladeshi men, it was noticed that those who grew and lived in the UK even after they are adults had higher levels of testosterone than those who grew and lived in Bangladesh. Bangladeshis who lived in Britain were taller and had reached their puberty at a very young age than those who actually lived in Bangladesh during their childhood and had settled there. 

When a person has high levels of testosterone, they have greater muscle mass and are at a higher risk of developing prostate disease. When men have low levels of testosterone, they will lose libido, low energy levels and erectile dysfunction as well. At early life of late childhood, the reproductive functions keep changing until they reach 19 and the male testosterone levels might not get influenced with the surroundings once they grew up in to their adulthood. 

Scientist Gillian Bentley and his colleagues have also found that the hormone levels in girls also get affected by the environment in which they grow. It can also affect their fertility and risk of developing reproductive cancer when they become adults.


Older adults with more muscle mass can live longer

According to the new UCLA research adults who have more muscle mass live longer and are less likely to die prematurely. With findings they also conclude that it’s the overall body composition which causes mortality rate and not the BMI. The UCLA research which was actually led by Dr. Preethi Srikanthan who is an assistant profession at the endocrinology division at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA was published in American Journal of Medicine. According to their findings, the best way to decrease metabolic risk is through building muscle mass. There is no particular standard measurement to check the body composition and this is the reason why various studies have addressed it using different measurement techniques and got different results. Srikanthan is of the opinion that people need to focus on improving the body composition than mere BMI in order to prevent various health issues. 

A survey was conducted by National Health and nutrition examination survey III from 1988 to 1994 where they mainly focused on 3659 people out of which men were around 55 years old while women were 65 and above during the survey time. Later they have checked how many individuals had died naturally and followed up the experiment in the year 2004. The body composition in this study was measured using the bioelectrical impedance where in an electrical current was passed through an individual’s body.

The muscle allows current to pass easily than the fat as it contains a lot of water. This is how muscle mass index was determined and the amount of muscle has been compared to their height. They have observed that people who have higher muscle mass were at lower risk of death while those with low muscle mass were at higher risk. So, one should work on improving the muscle mass rather than trying to lose weight or the body mass index. 

Dr. Arun karlamangla who is an Associate Professor at geriatrics division at Geffen school and who is the study’s co author said that the greater amount of muscle mass a person has, the lower would be the risk of death for that particular individual. It was also found that all-cause mortality was low for the fourth quartile muscle mass index even to that of first quartile.  The study also has certain limitations and cannot derive a cause and effect relation between survival and muscle mass using NHANES III studies. But we can consider muscle mass to be an important predictor to check the risk of death. Bioelectrical impedance isn’t an advanced technique to measure, while NHANES III measurements have been conducted rigorously and practically. Though there are certain limitations for this study, it establishes independent survival prediction ability of a muscle mass to measure bioelectrical impedance in the old people. So, it’s important to add the measurement of muscle mass that is relative to an individual’s body that has to be considered while caring for the older adults. Make sure to maintain a better muscle mass throughout in order to live longer.


Low carb diet gives relief from osteoarthritis pain


According to random study a low carb diet can be a great pain relief for those who have osteoarthritis related to knees. It generally affects people who are around the age of 60, and about 10% of men and 13% of women. It has also been estimated that it will affect 40% of those who are above 70 years old. Usually those who suffer from osteoarthritis have various symptoms like joint swelling, severe pain and stiffness around the area. Currently there is no cure available for knee osteoarthritis. Only pain relievers will be prescribed by the doctors or if severe can go for knee replacement surgery. But these treatments can also cause various side effects. This is the reason why researchers are now trying to look for various dietary interventions which can relieve the signs and symptoms of knee osteoarthritis to an extent. 

A research was conducted where 21 adults who were aged around 65-75 with knee osteoarthritis were tested for low fat and low carb diet benefits. Participants were either asked to follow their regular diet or either of these two for about 12 weeks. They were later tested for serum blood levels and were also asked to provide self report about their pain, levels of depression and quality of life which they have experienced after following the diet. The researchers have found that those who have followed low carb diet had less levels of pain. When these results were compared to those who have followed the low fat and regular diet people with low carb diet got highly benefited. They also had shown very less stress levels and had low levels of adipokine leptin which is a hormone that is necessary for metabolic functions. 

With this it was proven that patients can actually reduce pain with small changes in their diet. There are n numbers of medicines available in the market which might reduce the pain temporarily but also cause serious side effects. With the low carb diet, it can also be possible to reduce the risks of diabetes, various heart diseases and helps in weight loss which cannot be provided by most of the drugs available at stores. Proper diet won’t just helps to cure pain but will also aid in improving your health in a better way. Without interfering with the daily activities, it can now be possible to reduce the pain. 


Workplace stress is causing more burnout


Now a day’s more and more people are facing burnout at their workplace due to various reasons. During a recent study, it was seen that out of 7500 full time workers 23% of them often got into burnout mode while 44% were entering into burnout mode sometimes. Though this isn’t considered as a medical condition and researchers call it as occupational disease. According to the researcher’s burnout is mostly seen in people who are linked to high levels of stress, social work, teaching, police work, and healthcare as well as customer services. 

All about burnout issues: 

This is defined as a syndrome which is caused due to chronic workplace stress and pressure which isn’t managed successfully. There are organizations which provide great leadership development programs, coaching workshops on well being and mental health first aid training etc. Burnout might also include feelings of exhaustion or energy depletion, negative feelings towards one’s job and it might also include the reduced belief that a person has the capability to do his job to produce good results. It can also include the mental, physical and emotional exhaustion due to long term and unresolved stress levels at the work place. Sometimes burnout is not just related to work related stress. Moderate stress levels at work can also have a positive outcome.

According to certain studies stress can actually help boost an individual’s motivational levels while improving their mental performance in a short period. This has been concluded at the study conducted at the University of California by Elizabeth Kirby. Kirby also said that to a certain level, stress is good as it will help you to reach an optimal level of alertness whether it is cognitive or behavioral performance.

Medical professionals are of the view that the only difference between stress and burnout is a point at which stress can cause serious health issues. Stress is common for all but it would vary in levels in different persons as each one might go through different phases of life. The higher a person would undergo stress, the higher would be the levels of cortisol released which is a stress hormone and it isn’t good for health. With increase in stress, a person might start experiencing low moods, mood swings and anxiety which might lead to impaired cognitive skills due to chronic stress. This decreases the ability of a person to think logically and to perform tasks effectively.